Here is the excellent inventor biography. So, who was Alexander Graham Bell? He was the most well-known inventor, engineer, and scientist.
He reached great heights because of his revolutionary work in field communication.
He is well known because he invented the telephone. Here is the Alexander Graham Bell biography that is about his life and great inventions.
Alexander Graham Bell Biography: Early life Events and Education
The success of Alexander Graham Bell became possible through long-life experiments.
Alexander Graham Bell Birth
Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on 3rd March 1847. “Graham” was his middle name and was added at the age of 11 on his birthday as a present.
Alexander Graham Bell Parents and family
Alexander Graham Bell’s father, Alexander Melville Bell, was a worthy professor at the University of Edinburgh.
His father has written many books related to elocution and speech. Those books have a great liking in North America and UK.
Eliza Grace Symonds Bell, Alexander Graham Bell’s mother, was deaf but grew into a talented pianist. She gave him very much inspiration. His two brothers died due to tuberculosis.
Alexander Graham Bell Wife and Children
In 1873 Alexander Graham Bell was working with 15 years old girl Mabel Gardiner Hubbard. They fell in love over time, and despite ten years of age difference, they got married on 11th July 1877.
His wife was the daughter of Green Hubbard, the financial backer of Alexander Graham Bell.
Like his mother, his wife was also deaf. She became deaf at the age of 5 years. They gave birth to four children, including two sons and two daughters.
Two Alexander Graham Bell children Edward Bell and Robert Bell died in infancy. Their daughters who lived were Marian Hubbard Bell and Elsie May Bell.
Alexander Graham Bell Education
Alexander Graham Bell started his education as a homeschooled child till the age of 11. He was not so good in academics but a real problem solver.
After that, he appeared in the Edinburgh Royal High School. Where he studied for four years.
After that, his grandfather took him to London, England. He was 15 years old at that time.
Once again, he has been homeschooled for a year. He took admission to Weston House Academy of Elgin, Scotland.
Here he began to study the mechanics of speech. He also learned Greek and Latin languages.
In 1864, Alexander Graham Bell and his brother Melville James Bell appeared at Edinburgh’s University.
After one year in 1865, he with his family traveled to London. Here in 1868, he cleared the entrance test of the University College of London. He did his matriculation here.
Alexander Graham Bell Death
Alexander Graham Bell died in Cape Breton Island, Canada, on 2nd August 1922.
The credit to his intelligence was given by shutting down telephones for a minute.
The complications of diabetes were the leading cause of his death.
He said these words some months earlier than his death.
“There cannot be mental atrophy in any person who continues to observe, to remember what he observes, and to seek answers for his unceasing how’s and whys about things.”
Alexander Graham Bell Story Of Life
Here are the furthermost memorable events that occurred in the Alexander Graham Bell journey of life.
At the age of 12, Alexander Graham Bell invented a device for a grain mill. While playing in a grain mill with a friend, he noticed wheat grain husking process is too slow.
He built a machine to remove the husks from grain with rotating paddles and nail brushes.
Life in Canada
For the years, Alexander Graham Bell moved a lot. While he stays with his family in London, both his brothers were dead due to tuberculosis.
The health of Alexander Graham Bell was also fragile. That increased the worries of his parents because he was the only surviving child of his parents.
In 1870, he with his family shifted to Canada with incomplete education.
Here his health improved. Bringing relief in life, but he could not complete his studies.
He starts living with his family in Brantford, Ontario, Canada.
Life in the United States
Alexander Graham Bell shifted to Boston in 1871. Here he starts teaching at Boston High School for Deaf-Mutes.
He also taught deaf people in Northampton Massachusetts’s Clark School and Hartford, Connecticut’s America School.
Here in Boston at the age of 25. He started teaching deaf people in the School of Vocal Physiology and Mechanics.
After some time, he turns into a Vocal Physiology and Mechanics of speech professor at the Boston University School of Oratory.
First Telephone company
“The Bell Telephone Company” was the initial telephone company. On 9th July 1877, he started the company in Boston, Massachusetts, with his father-in-law’s help.
By 1879, his father-in-law merges with other companies and made new entities.
A mistake led him to the right track
Alexander Graham Bell story started with a mistake that laid a platform for him. He starts reading the work of Helmholtz, which was in German.
He was unable to read his work. But he tried to follow the diagrams in the book. But that lead him to a misunderstanding.
He thought Helmholtz was able to convert all the speech sounds to electricity.
But actually, Helmholtz only succeeded with vowel sounds. That gave Bell a belief in converting all speech sounds into electricity.
At the age of 23, he transformed his Ontario family home into a workshop. Then, he started converting sounds into electric signals.
After moving to Boston, he continued his experimental work in the night. In summer, he would be coming back to his workshop in Ontario for experiments.
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Alexander Graham Bell Inventions
While going through the Alexander Graham Bell biography. It is evident; he showed great potential towards his experiments and inventions. Some of his inventions are as follows:
Invention Of The Telephone
It is a famous invention among the Alexander Graham Bell inventions. In 1871 he started work on a harmonic telegraph that could send many messages over wires.
He completed this technology development with the support of a group of investors.
At first, Alexander Graham Bell struggled to find a way to transfer the voice of a human. His colleague Thomas Watson helped him to create a simple receiver. That could convert electricity into sound.
On 7th March 1876, he got the approval of a telephone patent on his name.
Several days after, he called Watson for the first time. He allegedly said the famed phrase: “Mr. Watson, come here. I want you.”
Invention Of The Photophone
Alexander Graham Bell’s relentless scientific curiosity led him toward photophone invention.
That allows sound transmission with a beam of light. With his assistant, he discovered it in Bell’s laboratory on 19th February 1880.
Despite being known for his telephone invention. He stated about photophone “the greatest invention I have ever made; greater than the telephone.”
That achievement laid the basis for current communication systems of laser and fiber optic. But, to take full advantage of this development, there was a need for ongoing work.
Invention Of The Metal Detector
President James Garfield was shot in 1881. The devices used for detection were not so accurate.
Then Alexander Graham Bell came with a metal detector. That was accurate in the detection of the bullets.
He later improved it and developed a telephone probe tool, which clicked on the telephone receiver after touching metal.
His newborn son died due to breathing ailments. He developed a jacket with a metal vacuum that would make breathing easier in response.
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Alexander Graham Bell Facts
After knowing who was Alexander Graham Bell was. There are some quick facts about him as follows.
- Patent Office awarded him an award on 7th March 1876.
- He was awarded the volta prize by the French Government in 1880.
- He made his first transcontinental telephone call on 15th January 1915.
- In his first call, he was in New York City while his assistant Watson was in San Francisco.
- He didn’t like having a telephone in his study because he thought it was intrusive.
- He helped in the formation of the National Geographic Society.
- He got his middle name Graham by requesting his father.
- His nickname was Alec at his wife’s request.
- He faced 600 lawsuits in 20 years of a legal battle with other scientists.
- His designed speed boat set the world record.
- Decibels are named after him.
- He became a professor without a University degree.
Alexander Graham Bell Quotes
Alexander Graham Bell biography generally shows his popularity through his inventions. His sayings also recognized him. Some notable quotes of his comprise:
“The only difference between success and failure is the ability to take action.”
“A man’s own judgment should be the final appeal in all that relates to himself.”
“The most successful men, in the end, are those whose success is the result of steady accretion.”
“What this power is I cannot say; all I know is that it exists and it becomes available only when a man is in that state of mind in which he knows exactly what he wants and is fully determined not to quit until he finds it.”
“You cannot force ideas. Successful ideas are the result of slow growth.”
“After innumerable failures, I finally uncovered the principle for which I was searching, and I was astounded at its simplicity.”
“Great discoveries and improvements invariably involve the cooperation of many minds.”
“A man, as a general rule, owes very little to what he is born with — a man is what he makes of himself.”
“Concentrate all your thoughts upon the work at hand. The sun’s rays do not burn until brought to focus.”
“Leave the beaten track behind occasionally and dive into the woods. Every time you do you will be certain to find something you have never seen before.”