Who was Thomas Alva Edison? No doubt he was a well-known inventor in the history of America. His inventions are still having a positive impact on the developed world.
It is worth knowing the biography of a great scientist Thomas Alva Edison. He has changed the world with his inventions and has obtained more than 1000 patents.
Thomas Alva Edison Biography: Brief Early Life and Education:
Below is a brief outline of Thomas Alva Edison’s early life. That is full of life events happening all at the same time.
Thomas Alva Edison Birth Date:
Thomas Alva Edison Biography is worth knowing about his early life. He was born on “February 11th, 1847, in the city of Milan, Ohio”.
His father was exiled from Canada due to his political activities. His mother profession was a schoolteacher. She had a positive effect on his early life.
His parents gave birth to seven children. Of whom only four were young, Thomas Edison being the youngest.
Thomas Alva Edison Education:
In 1854, the Thomas Alva Edison family shifted to Port Huron, Michigan. Here he spent most of his early childhood, so we can say Thomas Alva Edison’s journey of life started from here.
Young Thomas Edison only got formal education for about three months.
He ended up schooling at home by his mother because the teacher called him Addle brained. His mother got furious about that and started teaching him at home.
Thomas Alva Edison’s education was started at home, but he had developed hearing difficulties from primary age. That increased with age, and by the middle years, he was deaf.
Thomas Alva Edison Parents:
According to Thomas Alva Edison’s family history, his paternal ancestor started from New Jersey, Holland, back in 1730. His Scottish- English mother’s side family originated from New England back in 1700.
Samuel Edison, the father of Thomas Alva Edison, got married to Nancy Elliot in 1828. At that time, she was a teacher in Vienna, a brilliant, ingenious, and attractive woman.
In 1837, Ontario’s political unrest ended with a revolt against the British government. At that time, Samuel Edison was fighting as Captain in the McKenzie insurgents.
The reason why he has to escape and finally settled in Milan, Ohio, with his wife.
Thomas Alva Edison Wives and Children
Thomas Alva Edison married a 16-year-old girl named Mary Stillwell in 1871. His marriage lasted for thirteen years, and at the age of 29, in 1884, his wife died of a brain tumor.
They gave birth to three children, Thomas, Marion, and William, who became inventors. After two years, Thomas Edison married Mina Miller, who was much younger than him.
Thomas Alva Edison Death:
Due to health issues, Thomas Alva Edison started to spend more time away from the laboratory. He began to suffer from severe ailments in the late ’80s his age.
His health was declining during the last two years of his life. But at that time world was well known to who was Thomas Alva Edison.
On October 18th, 1931, he died at his estate, Glenmont, in West Orange, NJ. Thomas Alva Edison’s cause of death was problems of diabetes.
Thomas Alva Edison’s journey of life ended here and was buried behind the home. On his death, many societies have turned down their lights in honor.
Thomas Alva Edison Story and excited Journey of Life
Nature gave him very little. As in childhood, scarlet fever caused him hearing problems. But he has a big dream and wanted to be a successful businessman.
Life as a Telegrapher:
At that time, there was a train running from Chicago to Port Heron. In 1859 at the age of 13, Thomas Alva Edison started selling newspapers and candies on this train.
He continued to read various books in his free time. He began printing newspapers on the train and conducting chemical experiments. An accident on the train prohibited further work of the kind.
Once, he saved a child from a train. Child father paid Thomas Edison’s with the training of Telegraph. He took the opportunity to study telegraphy. He became an apprentice telegraph worker in 1863.
Life in the United States:
That was the time when Thomas Edison was doing his scientific experiments. Between 1863 and 1867, he shifted from one city in the US to another, having an available Telegraph job.
Thomas Edison arrived in Boston in 1868 and started working for Western Union Office. He soon resigned in 1869 because he wanted to have more time to work on his inventions.
Thomas Alva Edison then moved to New York in mid-1869 to visit his friend Franklin L. Pope. There, he fixed one of the Samuel Laws’ Gold Indicator Company’s faulty machines.
Due to which he was employed for printer machine improvement and repair.
Starting his Own Company:
Thomas Alva Edison worked in various telegraph-related projects and corporations. That was October 1869, when Thomas Edison formed Pope, Edison & Company. That was with his colleagues James Ashley and Franklin L Pope.
During this time, Thomas Edison’s life changed. His mother died in 1871. Later in this year, he got married to his former employee Mary Stillwell, his first wife.
Yet, Thomas Edison loved his wife with the core of his heart. Due to his persistent illness facing a lot of complications in their relationships.
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Thomas Alva Edison Inventions
Thomas Edison founded a research laboratory located in Menlo Park, NJ, in 1876. Later this place became called to be an “Invention Factory.”
Meanwhile, he was working on many diverse projects. His inventions contributed to mass communications—especially telecommunications, electricity, and the film industry.
Thomas Alva Edison’s inventions are as follows.
Invention Of The Automatic Telegraph
Between 1830 and 1840, Samuel Morse’s invented the Telegraph. That was useful for long-distance communication. But it also had some disadvantages.
It slows down the speed of a message. Because the operator has to pay attention to received dots and dashes in Mores code.
Which results in the rate is about 25 to 40 words per minute. The British system got only 120 words to print the automated symbol on paper.
Automatic telegraphy is among the Thomas Alva Edison inventions. In 1870 and 1874, he came with an improved system.
A telegraph receiver used a metal pen to scratch pickled paper, which could reproduce on a device that looks like a typewriter.
It could record up to one thousand words per minute, making it possible to send lengthy messages.
Invention Of The light bulb
The light bulb is one of the great Thomas Alva Edison inventions. The most critical event in his life was the concept of electricity generation, which is applied to homes, factories, and businesses.
After years of research, in 1870, Thomas Edison experimented with the light bulb. By using filament of carbon burned in a glass bulb vacuum for 40 hours.
Invention Of The phonograph
Thomas Edison also developed a method for sound recording in 1877. During his work on the telephone transmitter, he noticed sounds like words on the device.
That gave him an idea about the recording and playback of telephone messages.
This invention consists of cylinders with tinplate-coated and two needles. Where one needle is used to record sound and the other for playback. Thomas Edison developed a fundamental business design within six months.
The US military used this device in World War I and made Thomas Alva Edison famous. It was not used to record music until 1890.
The Camera for Motion Picture
“Motion Picture Camera that does for the eye what the phonograph does for the ear.”
In late 1880, Thomas Alva Edison started his work on the motion camera. In this process, there was a team supervised by him.
His staff member William Kennedy Laurie Dickson played a vital role. Where they developed Kinetoscope and Kinetograph. In 1893, he established his arrangement of creating and displaying motion pictures.
Within ten years, motion pictures have developed widespread and productive engineering.
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Thomas Alva Edison Facts
There is always a curiosity to know facts about great personalities. By going through the Thomas Alva Edison biography, below are some fun facts about his life.
- The family called him AL due to his middle name “Alva.”
- He went to school for only 12 weeks.
- In the parent’s basement at the age of ten, he started his first lab.
- He starts working at the age of eleven years by selling newspapers.
- He was partially deaf.
- The nicknames of his first two kids were Dot and Dash.
- The electric vote recorder was Thomas Alva Edison’s first invention.
- He said these words: “Mary had a lamb,” the first sound had been recorded on a phonograph.
- He is Holding over 1,000 patents, most on the record.
- He died due to complications of diabetes.
- He lived for 84 years.
Top Ten Thomas Alva Edison Quotes for Motivation
While reading the Thomas Alva Edison biography, we have gone through a lot of his quotes. There are top ten quotes likely to motivate you.
“I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.”
“Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.”
“Five percent of the people think, ten percent of the people think they think, and the other eighty-five percent would rather die than think.”
“If we all did the things, we are really capable of doing, and we would literally astound ourselves.”
“To invent, you need a good imagination and a pile of junk.”
“Negative results are just what I want. They’re just as valuable to me as positive results. I can never find the thing that does the job best until I find the ones that don’t.”
“Results! Why, man, I have gotten a lot of results. I know several thousand things that won’t work.”
“There will one day spring from the brain of science a machine or force so fearful in its potentialities, so absolutely terrifying, that even man, the fighter, who will dare torture and death in order to inflict torture and death, will be appalled, and so abandon war forever.”
“Be courageous. I have seen many depressions in business. Always America has emerged from these stronger and more prosperous. Be as brave as your fathers before you. Have faith! Go forward!”
“Waste is worse than loss. The time is coming when every person who lays claim to ability will keep the question of waste before him constantly. The scope of thrift is limitless.”